Swarf is metal parts that are lifted from the workpiece to smooth the surface of the workpiece or to level it to certain dimensions during operations such as turning, milling, grinding, surface grinding, and internal grinding. Machining, on the other hand, is the process of making the shape, diameter and size determined by applying different processes according to the technical drawing of the piece (according to its project) and removing the swarf of different dimensions. During the forming process, different processes can be applied on the workpiece.
Machining with Cylinder Grinding Process
The workpiece is placed between the points on the grinding machine. If the piece is too heavy, it is placed on the machine by means of a forklift, triangular foot or, if available, a winch system. After that, the swarf that needs to be removed is calculated according to the technical drawing of the piece and the machine is adjusted. The grind found on the machine is brought closer to the cylinder, which is already located between the points and rotates around its axis with 1 in 1000 at certain times. It is cooled with a stream of water that continuously revs due to high temperatures due to friction during this process. If the cylindrical grinding machine does not work in a quality way, it can dip into the workpiece. If you do not want to encounter such a process, the machine may need to be grinded again.
Machining with Turning
The turning process is connected to the lathe, the part that is to be passed (swarf). In fact, the process is like a cylindrical grinding process. However, when working with one in 1000mm sensitivity in cylinder grinding, the lathe is used for jobs that are less sensitive. There are blends located on the lathe. These cutters are fixed to the machine and do not move. In general, these cutters are called TOOLS, so the turning machine tool (blends) is fixed. The moving part on the machine revolves around its axis, proceeds and brings it to the requested surface quality or size. This process is called turning process.
Round products such as pieces, screws, and bolts can be created on these machines in addition that holes can be opened on these parts. With the developing technology CNC lathes are now increased up to 7 axes. With this development, the average number of production was increased by 2 times. Of course, this now depends on the degree of hardness of the part that you will attach to the lathe.
Machining with Milling
On the turning table, the blenders, i.e. the tool, are stationary, while the workpiece was rotating or moving forward. However, the situation in the milling machine is slightly different. Here, the blenders, i.e. the workpiece, remain stationary while the tool is moving. This makes it easier to open processes such as channels on the workpiece. Thus, operations can be made more easily according to the requested technical drawing.